The military heritage of Alsace and Lorraine

Verdun and world war I|Hackenberg fort is the largest of the Maginot line|The Hartmannswillerkopf is one of the national monuments of the first world war|The Citadel of Bitche is designed by Vauban in the 17th century|Fleckenstein is a castle fort semi-troglodyte|e the Haut-Koenigsbourg Castle|

Description
Themes : heritage,

The territories of Alsace and Lorraine have experienced a very tormented military war and annexations from the Middle Ages until the two world wars of the 20th century past.

  • At Verdun, you can visit the underground Citadel, the ossuary of Douaumont and battlefields.
  • The fort of Hackenberg which is the largest of the Maginot line.
  • The Vieil-Armand is one of four national monuments of the great world war, more than 150'000 men is there fought for four years to regain Alsace.
  • The famous military architect Vauban has built two fortresses in Alsace and Lorraine. Neuf-Brisach is the last fortified city that he built in 1699 at the age of 70 years. The Citadel of Bitche which is a masterpiece of military art.
  • In Alsace, the Haut-Koenigsbourg Castle built in the 12th century which has all the advantages of a fortress. As well as the Castle fort semi-troglodyte of Fleckenstein. In Lorraine, Malbrouck is the only Castle of the 15th century fully preserved.

The stages
A
Verdun
Verdun remains associated with one of the deadliest fighting of the first world war of 1914-1918. The visit of the battlefields does not leave indifferent. The Verdun of today shows the face of a city streets and friendly docks along the river Meuse.
B
The work of the Hackenberg (Maginot line)
The fort of Hackenberg is the largest of the Maginot line. It was built by the French between 1929 and 1935. 1'080 soldiers lived indoors. The galleries are 10 kilometres. They are built to 30 meters deep to protect them from bombing.
C
The Château de Malbrouck
The imposing Château de Malbrouck is a particularly important testimony since it is the only Castle of the 15th century fully preserved in Lorraine. Instead of surprise, discovery and imagination, he has everything to fascinate.
D
The Citadel of Bitche
Masterpiece of military art, the Citadel of Bitche is designed by Vauban in the 17th century. This is a true underground city including kitchens, dormitories and a medical clinic.
E
The castle of Fleckenstein
Fleckenstein is a castle fort semi-troglodyte, it is the second most visited Castle in Alsace after the Haut-Koenigsbourg. Powerful and impressive, the castle of Fleckenstein extends on a ledge 100 meters in length to 338 metres above sea level.
F
The castle of Haut-Koenigsbourg
Overlooking the plain of Alsace at 757 metres above sea level, the castle of Haut-Koenigsbourg, built in the 12th century has all the advantages of a fortress. We view an exceptional panorama over the plain of Alsace, the Vosges and the black forest.
G
The Citadel of Neuf-Brisach
Neuf-Brisach is the last fortified town built by Vauban at the age of 70 in 1699 on the orders of Louis XIV for the safety of the Alsace. It presents a remarkable vision of the most accomplished defense system of the 17th century.
H
Vieil-Armand
The Hartmannswillerkopf is one of four national monuments of the great world war. More than 150'000 men is there fought for four years to regain Alsace. It was one of the deadliest battlefields of the front with almost 25,000 soldiers killed.
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